Full-day kindergarten is coming to all Virginia schools by 2022 as a result of a Senate bill that almost doubles the instructional hours of kindergarten classes required for school accreditation from 540 to 990 hours.
Senate Bill 238, introduced by Sen. George Barker, D-39th, who represents part of Prince William County, passed its final hurdle in the House Thursday, Feb. 27, with a vote of 94-6.
The measure directs the Virginia Board of Education to adopt regulations by July 1, 2022, along with the requirement that the standard school day for kindergarten students average to at least 5.5 instructional hours to qualify for full kindergarten accreditation.
Under the bill, local school boards may approve a four-day weekly calendar, so long as a minimum of 990 hours of instructional time is provided.
Not every school system currently offers a full day of kindergarten. Supporters of the bill said this legislation helps establish standards of quality.
“We're down two school systems in the state that are not yet at a level where all students go for full day kindergarten, one of those Virginia Beach, the other is Chesapeake,” Barker said in front of a House subcommittee meeting.
“Virginia Beach has a plan where they're moving forward on it, and Chesapeake is also increasing the number of students.”
Barker said full-day of kindergarten benefits students’ academic performance, social interaction and involvement with teachers and other adults.
“There are significant benefits to it,” he said.
According to the bill’s 2020 Fiscal Impact Statement, the additional 450 hours would not affect funding paid from the state to local school divisions based on attendance. School divisions that do not currently provide the 990 hours of instructional time may experience additional costs to add classroom space and hire new staff. The fiscal impact to local school divisions cannot be determined.
“Ironically we are already paying them as if they had full-day kindergarten,” Barker said.
Del. Elizabeth Guzmán, D-31st, who represents part of Prince William County, inquired about the timeliness of the bill during the House meeting. She asked why the bill will be enacted in 2022 and not next year.
“What I tried to do was to be sensitive to some of the issues that some of those school systems might encounter or in some cases will encounter, but I would certainly be happy if they move faster,” Barker said.
Chesapeake and Virginia Beach are already taking steps to establish a full day of kindergarten for their schools. A representative of Chesapeake schools told the House panel that the school district had to gradually implement full days due to space limitations.
Del. Roxann Robinson, R-27th, of Chesterfield, asked why the legislation was needed if the districts are already implementing the changes.
Loudoun County representatives have said they might in the future reverse the full-day format, Barker said, and his legislation would guarantee all school systems are meeting the full-day standard.
Director of Government Relations at the Virginia Education Association Kathy Burcher said the VEA supports Barker’s bill, and the organization looks forward to the progress the bill will make.
“Putting it in code, ensuring that the requirement is there, will make sure that no school division slides off, particularly as we're looking at that continuum from birth through entering the workforce,” Burcher said.
“We want to make sure there's no child that can possibly fall through the cracks in part-time kindergarten because it's a tremendous impact on their ability to stay on track for graduation.”
The bill now moves to Gov. Ralph Northam’s desk for approval.